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CZMAs and Coastal Environments: Two Decades of Regulating Land Use Change on India’s Coastline

The Centre for Policy Research – Namati Environmental Justice Program has recently completed a study titled CZMAs and Coastal Environments: Two Decades of Regulating Land Use Change on India’s Coastline. The study analyses the structure, functioning and performance of CZMAs. After three years of detailed and in-depth research, this report is now available as the first study on the performance of CZMAs.

The study:

  • Uses data from over 350 CZMA meetings between January 1999 and March 2014
  • Relies on 39 interviews with sitting and ex-members of the CZMAs and staff, consultants and officers of the MoEFCC in charge of implementation of the CRZ Notification.
  • Analyses the functioning of CZMAs on their key tasks- project appraisals, coastal zone mapping, action against violations and conservation of coastal areas.

The report:

  • Provides empirical data for the non-implementation of the Notification, a grievance that has resulted in much litigation and protests by fisher communities, coastal dwellers and environmental and human rights groups.
  • Offers insights into the challenges to coastal regulation by drawing upon the official data generated by CZMAs and gives suggestions for improving policy, procedures and practices of coastal regulation.
  • Highlights importance of the involvement of district level bodies and communities in CRZ implementation particularly in enforcement and monitoring. Many Authority members recognise the need and value of public participation.

Resource Tags

Resource Type: Impact Evidence, Namati Publications Issues: Environmental Justice, Labor & Employment Tool Type: Reports / Research Target Population: Rural Method: Research Languages: English Regions: South Asia Nature of Impact: Change in institutional / government practice, Impact on Natural Environment Scale of Intervention/Impact: 10,000 to 100,000 people Institutions Engaged: Regulatory / Implementing Agencies Evaluation Method: Case Studies, Observation, Statistical Analysis